Four common foot problems and its causes, listed by Dr Ashwani Maichand

foot

Not many people are born with foot problems. “Painful foot ailments often result from improper care, ill-fitting shoes, circulatory disorders, or simple wear and tear”, says Delhi’s top orthopedist Dr Ashwani Maichand. These conditions may affect different parts of the foot, such as heels, toes, joints, nerves, tendons or ligaments. Here is a list of four most common foot problems:

Corn: These are the hard, thick, rough, and yellow lumps of skin that usually develop between the toes, below the toenail bed, and on the bottom or sides of the feet. Constant friction and rubbing of skin, improper walking motion, snug footwear, or wearing shoes without socks often lead to the formation of corns. If left untreated, bacteria can enter into the skin through the cracks and cause accumulation of fluid or pus.

Heel spur: It refers to the bony protrusion or calcium outgrowth on the bone of the heel. They are usually located under the sole of the foot, beneath the heel, or at the back of the heel. Symptoms include tenderness and pain at the bottom of the heel, making it difficult for the patient to stand or walk barefoot. Doing excessive running or jogging on hard surfaces, wearing ill fitted shoes, having posture abnormalities, or being overweight are the main causes of heel spurs.

Bunion: It is a joint deformity that leads to a protruding bony bump at the base of the big toe. The lump is often accompanied by swelling, tenderness, redness, and pain. Arthritis and poor foot structure by birth are among the top causes for this foot disease. Moreover, the problem is common in women as they usually wear tight, high-heeled shoes that put pressure on the foot bones, forcing them to take an unnatural shape over time.

Hammer toe: It is caused by muscle imbalance that puts pressure on the joints and tendons of the toe. It usually deforms the second toe and forces it to bend downward. Hammertoes are mainly of two types: flexible (when the toe can be moved) and rigid (when the toe becomes immobile). Flat or high-arched feet, aging, injury to the toe, or ill-fitted shoes are the main culprits for this condition.

Do not neglect such symptoms or the problem may aggravate. Consulting a healthcare provider for timely diagnosis and treatment is imperative. If you are suffering from a similar foot condition, book an appointment with Dr Ashwani Maichand  today.