Air pollution has become one of the major concerning issues these days. A number of studies have highlighted the adverse effects of air pollution on human health. It mainly occurs when any harmful gases, dust, smoke enters the atmosphere and hinders the atmosphere and the living beings. The experienced medics at Mayom Hospital Gurgaon, one of the leading multi specialty hospitals in Gurgaon state that, keeping in mind the deteriorating condition of the environment, there arises a dire need to ensure appropriate steps for its welfare and protection.
A report by the World Health Organization highlighted that, more than seven million people died worldwide due to continual exposure to polluted air in the year 2012. As a matter of fact, the children, the elderly and poor people are more likely to suffer from the harmful effects. Mayom Hospital highlights that Particulate matter (PM) is one of the major components of air pollution which poses a huge threat to human health. There are a number of factors, such as:
- The burning of fossil fuels.
- The exhaust as well as large amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals produced by manufacturing industries which deplete the quality of air.
- The dust and chemicals released in the air during mining operations.
- The harmful chemicals emitted in air due to the use of insecticides, pesticides and fertilizers in agricultural activities.
- The toxic chemicals emitted by household cleaning products.
Air pollutants mainly consist of gaseous pollutants, odours, and SPM, (suspended particulate matter) such as dust, fumes, mist, and smoke. They pose a serious threat to human health. Some of the major harmful effects include:
- Air pollution affects human health, animals, and plants as well as the environment.
- The risk of chronic respiratory and heart diseases increases due to air pollution.
- Air pollution has both (long term as well as short term) impacts on human health.
- It is detrimental to human health and causes major disorders and diseases like asthma and bronchitis.
- Silicosis is one of the most common dust related diseases which is caused due to polluted air.
- The Long-term health effects of air pollution include severe damage to the brain, nerves, liver and kidneys.
- It also leads to irritation in the eyes, nose and throat.
- Exposure to air pollution has an adverse impact on the lungs of growing children. It can also aggravate the medical conditions of people.
- Air pollution can also lead to severe diseases like cancer and pneumonia.
- It also results in the depletion of the ozone layer which is imperative for the existence of ecosystems on earth.
- Just like humans, animals also face the destructive effects of air pollution.
Keeping in mind the hazardous effects of air pollution, it is imperative to combat this issue in order to put an end to the deteriorating environmental conditions.