India is one of the most culturally and geographically diverse nations in the world. A nationalist at heart, industrialist Sanjay Dalmia is extremely proud of being an Indian. According to him, India has been and always will be a major contributor to the world. On being asked what makes India stand out, Dalmia said, “An eternity would pass if we start discussing the contributions made by India to the global progress.”
Talking about the diversity that exists in India, Sanjay Dalmia said, “India is a culturally, ethnically, linguistically and geographically diverse country. It has one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world, and this makes India a unique nation. Indian culture is an amalgamation of its age old history, which dates back to the Stone Age, distinct geography and varied demographics. The extent of India’s great diversity of religious practices, languages, customs, and traditions could be measured by the fact that India is the only nation in the world that is home to over 1,600 recognized languages and numerous dialects.”
India leads the world not only on the cultural and geographical front, but also on the academic front, says Sanjay Dalmia. “The world’s oldest university, Takshila University was established in 700 BC., was in India. About 60 different subjects were taught there and more than 10,500 students from various parts of the planet enrolled themselves during the ancient times,” he said.
An avid humanitarian, Sanjay Dalmia also talked about the peace-loving nature of the country’s people. “We are firm believers of ‘Ahimsa Parmo Dharma’. Never in its more than 10,000 years of history has India invaded any country, despite invasions from various foreign communities like the Turks, Afghans and Mongols.”
He added, “However, we also are the worshippers of Durga and Kaali. The shloka ‘Ahimsa Parmo Dharma’ is most commonly known in its incomplete form, and hence shouldn’t be considered a complete statement. The full shloka is: Ahimsa Parmo Dharma, Dharm Hinsa Tatheev Cha – meaning that non-violence is the supreme duty, but it is the Lord’s command to pick up the arms for the protection of one’s motherland and dharma.”
India has also been the home to some of the greatest mathematicians in the world. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days. Moreover, the value of ‘pi’ was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians.
“Algebra, trigonometry and calculus originated in India and was there even before any other mathematician of the World. Quadratic equation was introduced by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. India has immensely contributed towards the field of mathematics and India is the land that invented the number zero, without which calculation is impossible. Even the place value and decimal was invented in India during 100 B.C. This is another reason to feel proud about being born in such a great nation,” quipped Sanjay Dalmia.
And that’s not it. India has also contributed a lot to the medical science. Sushruta is hailed as the father of surgery. About 2,600 years ago, he conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.
“The legacy of excelling in every field continues till today. India’s Mangalyaan mission and the record for launching most satellites from single rocket are proofs of the country’s dedication to contribute more to this world. If that’s not what makes India a great country, what is? India has always stood out, and will continue to do the same,” says the Sanjay Dalmia Group Chairman.