Chikungunya is a viral illness caused by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Doctors from MGS Hospital explain that just like dengue fever, chikungunya also leads to high fever, severe headache and extreme muscle pain. It is important to note that infected Aedes mosquitoes usually breed in close proximity to human habitations. The risks however, significantly grow during the rainy season. Moreover, studies indicate that the mosquito carrying the viral infection feed on humans mostly during day time and early evening.
The symptoms of chikungunya usually surface within seven days of contracting the infection, and can last for up to a couple of weeks. The common signs of the disease include:
- High fever
- Redness in eyes
- Severe headache
- Unbearable joint pain and swelling
- Skin rash
Prompt, and accurate diagnosis of chikungunya is extremely crucial; else the disease may turn life-threatening. Healthcare specialists recommend undergoing certain laboratory tests to examine the serum or plasma present in the patient’s blood.
There is no vaccination or specific cure available for chikungunya. Just like other mosquito-borne diseases, the treatment for chikungunya also involves treating the symptoms. Proper rest and hydration play a key role in the recovery process.
In severe cases, the infection can spread in the body and cause a number of other complications. This may include inflammation of the retina, the cornea, the liver, the heart, the kidneys, the spinal cord and the nervous system. Right and timely treatment is therefore, highly important.
“Prevention is always better than cure,” say doctors at MGS Hospital. Certain tips or preventive measures can actually safeguard you and your family from this crippling viral disease.
- Wear clothes that keep your body properly covered
- Do not wear strong perfumes
- Try to stay indoors, especially during rains.
- Apply an insect repellent cream/lotion on your skin
- Use mosquito coils and insecticide vaporizers indoors
- Stagnant water is an ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes. Thus, clean water containers, air coolers, or pot plants regularly
- Avoid travelling to endemic regions
You could also visit MGS Hospital and consult their experienced doctors for more tips on keeping the chikungunya virus at bay.