Frozen shoulder is a condition that limits the range of motion by causing inflammation of the capsule and tissue surrounding the shoulder joint. Dr Ashwani Maichand, a leading orthopedist,says that the thickness of tissue limits the space of shoulder joint, which eventually leads to a frozen shoulder.
The shoulder pain increases and limits the movement. Normally, it is the most mobile joint of the body, but when it gets frozen, a person is not able to perform any activity. He/she is not able to raise the arm or reach out to things.
DrMaichandrecommends physical therapy to increase the motion of the shoulder. Exercise can also help in stretching the arm to regulate the movement of the shoulder. Sometimes, the doctors may also prescribe ice, heat, ultrasound or electrical stimulation.
In order to decrease the pain, anti-inflammatory medications are often recommended by the doctors. Narcotics or tylenol may also be prescribed to reduce the pain after therapy. Steroid injections are used to decrease the inflammation, thereby decrease the pain.
The rehabilitation process varies from 8 to 20 weeks. It is important to perform stretching exercise twice in a day. With regular exercises, some patients may be able to regain full fitness and perform all the activities after a very short time. But, some patients may need more time even after regaining full fitness.
Physical therapy and exercise may not work for all patients, and surgery may be required. According to Dr Ashwani Maichand, in extreme cases, physicians may need to manipulate the shoulder to break down scarring. Sometimes, an arthroscope is used to cut the adhesions. Physicians may also need to remove the spurs at the time of manipulation and may require larger incisions for that type of surgery. This type of surgery is known as open surgery.