At a time when the development of a country has predominantly been considered the responsibility of the government, the Niti Aayog Chairman Rajiv Kumar recently presented a seven-point model that emphasised on the significance of joint public movement. Here are the key takeaways from the new developmental model.
– Indigenous language rather than English as a contact language
– Governance with accountability and transparency
– Development approach
– Focus on the private sector
– Focus on the current employment scenario of the nation
– Making farming profitable and reducing the burden on farmers
– Linking urbanisation with the development of villages
In a country like India where the public sector is in a notable position to seek and execute developmental works, its private counterparts have been unable to make enough efforts for the development as much. Though the latter has been assigned with a significant role in various sectors such as industries, trade and service, agriculture, etc, due to limited funding or resources that it has, development has been limited. Therefore, it has become crucial to give equal emphasis on the private sector as well in order to achieve a sustained growth especially at times like today when our country has been grappling with economy downfall. “We have to remove developmental inequality. We talk about online education but the fact is that only 35 percent of schools in India have internet connection and only 65 percent of schools have electricity,” Kumar said. This can lead to the achievement of the fourth point in the seven-point model which is employment. If the private sector which makes for about 3/4th of the country’s total economy is boosted, employment scenario will inevitably improve.
Secondly, the Niiti Aayog chairman also emphasised on the need to link rural and urban development. Rather than looking at urban and villages separately, it is crucial to seek the linkages between the two and this is when a lasting change can be generated. Till now, development of policies have been separate for both rural and urban and the 7 point model that seeks to link the two is something that may lead to an enhanced overall growth of the country. The linkage can be brought through several activities such as bringing the rural agriculture in cities and manufacturing activities which usually takes place in urban to villages. This can help meet the demand of urban consumers all the while benefitting the rural food producers as well, thus reducing the need to depend on foreign countries. In this regard, Rajiv Kumar further stated that in the changing scenario, there is a need to produce and export more than the purchases or imports for consumption. Therefore, self-reliance should be the model of India’s rural development.